Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Inkontinensia Urin pada lansia di Panti Sosial Tuna Werdha (PSTW) Sabai Nan Aluih Sicincin Pariaman

Rinita Amelia


The increased life expectancy of Indonesian people to 66.2 years old contributes to the increased number of elderly people (Aging Structured Population). Aging Process causes health problems among elderly people, including depression, immune deficiency, sleep disorder (insomnia) and urinary incontinence (1). Urinary incontinence is a defect of bladder sphincter or neurological dysfunction which causes loss of control of urinating (2). Urinary incontinence can cause physical, psychological, social and economic problem, thus affecting the quality of life of elderly people (3) (4). The purpose of this study was identifying the prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence among elderly people in PSTW Pariaman. This study was an observation analytical study with cross sectional approach. Here, the degree of urinary incontinence was determined using urinary incontinence diagnosis tool in the form of questionnaire based on Sandvix Severity Index (SSI) and The Three Incontinence ( 3 IQ ). This study used total sampling of ≥45 year-old elderly people. It was found that the number of elderly people with urinary incontinence was around 23.73% with higher number of male (85.71%). The most prevalent age was 65-75 years old and the complaint had lasted over 6 months (85.72%) and had low education level (64.28%). From blood pressure examination, half of the respondents had hypertension (50%). The degree of urinary incontinence based on SSI level showed that most elderly people had moderate incontinence of 85.71%. This was consistent with the theory that the common problem for elderly people is urinary incontinence with estimated incidents of 25-35% of the entire elderly population in their lifetime ( ONAT, 2014 ).

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