Hubungan Peningkatan Indeks Massa Tubuh dengan Kejadian Kolelitiasis di Bagian Bedah Digestif RSI Siti Rahmah Padang Periode Januari-Juni 2018

Rizki Nurhikmah, Efriza Efriza, Dessy Abdullah

Abstract


Latar belakang: Kolelitiasis merupakan timbunan kristal yang terbentuk oleh gabungan beberapa unsur dari cairan empedu dalam kantung empedu. Penderita kolelitiasis di populasi umum 5%, meningkat signifikan pada populasi dengan Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) menjadi 45%. Kolelitiasis di Indonesia kurang mendapat perhatian karena sering asimptomatik dan kesalahan diagnosis. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan peningkatan IMT dengan kejadian kolelitiasis di instalasi bedah RSI Siti Rahmah Padang periode Januari-Juni 2018. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat untuk mengetahui distribusi frekuensi dan analisis bivariat untuk mengetahui keterkaiatan variabel. Hasil: Didapatkan jenis kelamin perempuan terbanyak pada kolelitiasis yaitu 11 orang (57,9%), kelompok usia 40-49 tahun tertinggi pada pasien kolelitiasis yaitu 36,8% dan terdapat hubungan antara peningkatan IMT dengan kejadian kolelitiasis (p=0.001). Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara peningkatan IMT dengan kejadian kolelitiasis (p=0.001).


Keywords


Cairan empedu, empedu, Indeks Massa Tubuh, kolelitiasis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33854/heme.v1i2.233

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.33854/heme.v1i2.233.g183

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